im体育神经元还有其他作用（R＆S可能更喜欢用“ 更多，但是 其他 我认为更好）
Let me explain what "from the inside" means, or 在 least provide an alternative to whatever R&S mean by it. In my "Eight Problems" paper (Hickok, 2009) I noted that I can understand the action of saxophone playing even though I've never performed the actions associated with saxophone playing. R&S acknowledge that, indeed, I do understand the action of saxophone playing, and do so without the benefit of mirror neurons. But they suggest my 理解 is lacking something, namely that extra bit of 知识 that comes from knowing 怎么样 演奏萨克斯风所以认识一个我知道的动作 怎么样 to perform = basic action 理解 from non-mirror systems + mirror neuron-driven 知识 that hey I know 怎么样 to make MY motor system do that!
In other words, mirror neurons support the 知识 of 怎么样 to perform an action that one is observing -- that is, mirror neurons are part of the same old "怎么样" stream that vision neuroscientists, and 更多 recently auditory neuroscientists have been working on for 更多 than a decade (Milner & Goodale, 1995). The "怎么样" stream, of course, supports sensory-motor integration, or in R&S's terms, action 理解 "from the inside". This is why you see motor activation during the perception of actions that you can perform: it is sensory-motor association.
Importantly, notice that there is no magical semantic 知识 that suddenly falls from heaven when we know 怎么样 to perform an action. I can teach you a new word, mph，然后您就可以学会用声道重现它，以便随后的声音呈现 mph 将通过关联激活您的电机系统。我可以用手势语做同样的事情。在将感觉运动整体与概念结构相关联之前，它没有意义。因此，例如，我可以定义 mph (or the sign language equivalent) as 'the act of publishing on the topic of mirror neurons'. Now, the sensory-motor ensemble has meaning and you understand it, but does that mean that the meaning and the 理解 is now suddenly coded or even augmented by the sensory-motor ensemble itself? Put differently, do you now have a different 理解 of the concept, 'the act of publishing on the topic of mirror neurons' just because you have a new sensory-motor associate of the concept? No, you just know 怎么样 阐明与该概念相关的单词。
I suggest that this interpretation of "理解 from the inside" explains every mirror neuron-related observation, does so 更多 parsimoniously than Rizzolatti's account, and has 更多 empirical support from research on aphasia and apraxia.
Hickok G (2009). Eight problems for the im体育神经元theory of action 理解 in monkeys and humans. 认知神经科学杂志，21 （7），1292-43 PMID： 19199415
Rizzolatti，G.和Sinigaglia，C.（2010）。顶额额面镜电路的功能作用：解释和错误解释 自然评论神经科学，11 （4），264-274 DOI： 10.1038 / nrn2805